Cardboard recyclers are estimating that they are losing between $8 Million to $10 Million a year to theft of used cardboard in New York City.
Over 150,000 commercial establishments in the city have contracts with waste management companies that pick-up used cardboard from their stores. These cardboard boxes are broken down and sent to recyclers. Thieves are instead driving rented trucks around the city and stealing the stacks of cardboard boxes and recycling it themselves.
An official with the waste management lobby stated that a thief could fill up a truck with one and a half tons of cardboard and make $150 for the haul.
Mafia organizations in Italy earned over $19.6 Billion (16 Billion Euros) in profit from various environmental crimes within the country, according to a report by Legambiente.
In 2011, the Environment Agency in the United Kingdom identified over 600 active illegal trash dumping sites in England and Wales. During the 2010-2011 Fiscal Year, the agency conducted over 400 waste-related prosecutions and shut down 1,195 illegal waste dumping sites.
One kilogram of coca paste that is used to make cocaine in the jungles of Colombia produces 600 kilograms of waste and 200 liters of contaminated water.
60 percent of hazardous waste generated in Vietnam is properly treated and disposed. The remaining 40 percent is either illegally dumped, buried or reused, according to the head of the Environmental Crime office. In 2010, 322 cases of hazardous waste violations were investigated with $476,000 (10 Billion Vietnamese Dongs) collected in fines.
Trash smugglers in Sydney, Australia illegal dump up to 500,000 tons of trash across the state each year, waste management operators estimate. By illegally dumping waste, smugglers are able to avoid up to $4,222 (3,840 Australian Dollars) in fees.
According to the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), it costs 10 times more to recycle a CRT monitor in the United States than it would to illegally ship the monitor on the black market to Ghana.
Black market trash smuggling consists of an estimated 16 percent of all trash exports of a port in Rotterdam.
The cost to legally incinerate trash in the Netherlands is 4 times more expensive than to smuggle it to China on the black market for illegal dumping.
The cost to a European company to properly dispose of toxic waste can cost around $1,000 per ton. The cost to dump toxic waste illegally on the black market through an organization such as the Mafia costs about $2.50 a ton.