According to the United Nations, in 2008 South America had 167,600 hectares devoted to cocaine production, a decrease of 8 percent of 2007. The cultivation area of Colombia accounted for 430 tons of cocaine, or 48.3 percent of the total amount cultivated in South America. Peru accounted for 302 tons, or 33.5 percent of the total amount.
Up to 9 percent of the cocaine entering the United States is believed to be trafficked through Haiti and the Dominican Republic.
63 tons of cocaine was seized in Ecuador in 2009, double the amount of cocaine seized in 2008. In addition, 7 drug processing labs were destroyed in 2009, up from 2 in 2009. There were also an increase of 15 percent in the number of arrests of drug smuggling “mules”.
At the start of 2010, Colombia was the largest producer of Cocaine in the world, followed by Peru.
One in four adults living in Scotland have taken illegal drugs at least once in their life, according to a report by the Scottish Government. The most used drug was marijuana, followed by amphetamines, ecstasy, and cocaine.
The price of a kilo of cocaine increases as it graves from Farmers to Dealers.
In 1991, 50 percent of the cocaine trafficked on the black market in the United States entered the country through Mexico. By 2004, up to 90 percent of the cocaine trafficked in the US entered through Mexico.
90 percent of all coca harvested in Peru ends up as cocaine, with the remaining coca used as tea or chewed as a mild stimulant.
Costa Rica’s Interior Ministry reported that nearly 93 tons of cocaine was seized in the country between 2006 and 2009, nearly twice the amount that was seized in the country in the previous decade. The increase in cocaine trafficking is believed to be caused from Mexican drug cartels increasingly picking up cocaine shipped from South America in Costa Rica.
Drug trafficking in Africa leads to 50 to 60 tons of cocaine to be trafficked across West Africa each year. 30 to 35 tons of heroin from Afghanistan is trafficked into East Africa each year as well.