According to the United Nations, the cost of corruption in Afghanistan in 2012 was $3.9 Billion. The amount of corruption is 40 percent higher than the 2009 figure. Despite the higher figure, the total number of people paying bribes in Afghanistan was lower than the 2009 survey. 50 percent of survey respondents reported paying bribes… Continue reading Cost of Corruption in Afghanistan in 2012
According to statistics released by the Iranian Government, nearly 4,000 police officers from Iran have been killed over the past 33 years due to drug trafficking from neighboring Afghanistan. Iran shares a 900 kilometer border with Afghanistan. Drug traffickers cross the border and transport opium in order to reach the illegal drugs markets of Europe.… Continue reading Police Officer Deaths in Iran from Drug Trade
At the end of 2012, the reported price of an AK-47 on the black market in Afghanistan was $1,500. Three years prior, the reported price was between $600 to $700 in the country. The price for grenade launchers, pistols and PK machine guns have also risen in 2012.
Migrants from Afghanistan who want to be smuggled into neighboring Iran pay human smugglers $700 to guide them across the border.
According to the Counternarcotics Minister of Afghanistan, the Taliban earned at least $155 Million from poppy cultivation and the opium trade in 2012.
Farmers in Afghanistan grew an estimated 1,300 tons of cannabis in 2011, according to the United Nations.
30 percent of the heroin that is produced in Afghanistan is estimated to be smuggled through Tajikistan on its way to drug markets in Russia and Europe, according to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime. In 2009, up to 90 metric tons of heroin was estimated to be smuggled through Tajikistan.
Between 2005 and 2010, the area of opium cultivation in Afghanistan increased by 18 percent. During that same time period, the amount of heroin seized in Tajikistan by law enforcement dropped by 58 percent.
There are around 2.5 million people in Russia who are addicted to illegal drugs, according to the Russian Government. 90 percent of the drug addicts are abusing heroin.
In 2011, between 210 tons to 240 tons of Afghan heroin was smuggled though Pakistan on its way to the global drug market. The amount of heroin that was moved through Pakistan represented 35 to 40 percent of the total heroin produced in Afghanistan in 2011.
The population in the Kunduz province in Afghanistan is 800,000. According to the province’s drug treatment center, there are up to 30,000 people who are addicted to drugs in the province. 40 percent of the addicts are women and children.