Price of Bribes to Obtain Logging Permits

A report published by the United Nations Environment Programme and Interpol stated that illegal loggers pay between $25,000 to $50,000 in bribes for permits from government officials that allow them to log in restricted areas. Illegal loggers in Indonesia pay officials between 10 to 40 percent of the value of the logging deal.

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Source:  “Green Carbon, Black Trade: Illegal Logging , Tax Fraud and Landering in The World’s Tropical Forests,” United Nations Environmental Programme and Interpol, 2012, page 6, 33.