Number of Companies Employing Former Yakuza Members

In 2012, a total of 2,224 companies in Japan were employing former Yakuza members, according to a survey conducted by the National Police Agency. The number of companies hiring workers was down from the high of 5,570 in 1995.

Police officials in Japan stated that out of the 1,254 Yakuza members who left their groups between 2009 and 2011, a total of 222 ended up returning to organized crime activities due to difficulties in finding jobs.

Source:  Kenji Ogawa, “Police beef up career support for former yakuza,” Asahi Shimbun, May 7, 2013.