The Government of Israel estimates that over 10,000 immigrants illegally entered the country in 2012. Criminal justice officials believe that most of the immigrants were from African countries such as Eritrea and Sudan.
Many of the immigrants hire the use of human smugglers to guide them across the Sinai peninsula, yet do not complete the journey. During the course of several years, over 500 remains of African migrants have been found the in the desert abandoned.
Source: Adrian Kriesch, “Egypt’s chaos fuels Africa’s human trafficking,” Deutsche Welle, August 27, 2013.