According to a 2010 study, 78 percent of the sex workers in Austria are not Austrian women and are from foreign countries. In Germany, 63 percent of the sex workers were foreign women, with two thirds of the sex workers originating from Central and Eastern Europe. Previously, the number of foreign sex workers in Germany was 52 percent in 1999.
In total, there are about 400,000 prostitutes working in Germany, with 93 percent being female.
Germany legalized prostitution in 2002, and prostitution in Austria has been taxed since 1986.
Source: Clare Speak, “Out in the open: Forms of legal prostitution heighten human trafficking risks in poorer EU states,” Prague Post, May 22, 2013.