According to security estimates by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), there are around 50 illicit tobacco manufacturers producing contraband cigarettes on First Nations in Ontario and Quebec.
Across the border of the United States in New York State, the RCMP estimates that there are roughly 10 contraband cigarette manufacturers in the Akwesasne Mohawk territory.
The Criminal Intelligence Service Canada (CISC) reported that there were at least 58 organized crime groups that were involved in the illegal tobacco industry in Canada. 35 of the groups were operating in Central Canada.
Source: Douglas Quan, “About 50 contraband tobacco manufacturers operating in First Nations reserves, document reveals,” Canada.com, August 27, 2013.