Over the span of 10 years, thousands of people have been killed due to religious and ethnic violence in the Central Nigerian region known as the Middle Belt.
Contributing to the violence is an estimated 5,000 firearms that were illegally trafficked into the area. Out of those illicit arms, about 3,500 are AK-47s that were produced in France and Ukraine and smuggled to Nigeria. The remaining 1,500 are locally produced firearms.
Source: Alexis Okeowo, “The Arms-Trade Treaty and the Gun Seller,” New Yorker, September 9, 2013.