Education experts in China estimate that the market for plagiarized academic papers, fake journals and other types of invented research is generates up to $150 Million a year.
In China, research grants and promotions within universities is tied to the number of articles published in academic journals. Researchers purchase plagiarized reports in order to increase their resume. According to a government survey, one-third of 6,000 researchers at 6 institutions in China admitted to either plagiarism, falsification of the data, or outright fabrication.
In addition to papers, sellers were also offering fake medical journals that offer placement for a price. One counterfeit journal was offering to publish articles for $650.
Source: “Scientific research: Looks good on paper,” Economist, September 28, 2013.